Oil majors are squaring up to rising pressure over climate change.
EVs are everywhere, not just on-road and the growth of the delivery sector is driving some of the change.
Weaker oil prices have affected the profits of the oil majors.
Women have changed the Saudi auto aftermarket but men remain the focus of marketing in Russia.
Chemical technology is helping to create new bio-lubes, while majors are collaborating with non-lube giants to recycle chemicals and plastics.
Research and development reveals new, climate positive sources, testing and environmental benefits.
Lubes producers are identifying partnerships, new markets and product innovations to differentiate in a constantly changing global environment.
Many of the oil majors are taking a greener approach to product development and how they run their businesses.
The oil majors delivered disappointing short-term news to thier shareholders after earning and profits were hit across the board as a result of lower oil prices and increased costs.